Peripheral Vascular Disease and How to Recognize It

Blood flow illustrationIf you have Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD), your blood vessels will narrow and cause a decrease in blood flow. As a result, the blood flow to the organs, limbs and the rest of the body is reduced consequently limiting the supply of oxygen in the body. Venous peripheral vascular disease causes fatigue and pain in the legs, particularly during exercise.

PVD can be a result of the hardening of the arteries also known as atherosclerosis, or it can be a result of spasms in the blood vessels. As the disease advances, it can lead to loss of fingers, toes, limbs, or extreme damage to the body organs. There are two types of venous peripheral vascular disease.

Functional PVD

All blood vessels should narrow or widen in response to the current environment and the temperatures on your environment. However, if you have functional PDV, the vessels will exaggerate their responsive mechanism. Cold temperatures, emotional stress, drugs, and the operation of vibrating tools and machinery are the major causes of Functional PDV.

Organic PVD

This type only occurs when there is a major change in the overall structure of the blood vessels. This structural change can be as a result of plaque accumulation from arteriosclerosis which makes the blood vessels narrow down. However, the primary causes of organic PVD include diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking and high cholesterol levels. Other causes of this type of PVD include blood vessel infection, inflammation of the ligaments or muscles, and extreme injuries.

PVD can happen due to lifestyle choices such as smoking, drug abuse, lack of physical exercise and poor feeding habits. However, sometimes some uncontrollable factors can put anyone at risk of PVD. These factors include being over 50 years, having heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney disease, cerebrovascular disease, being overweight and having a family history of the disease.

If you think that you or your anyone in your family is at risk of PVD, you should see a doctor for a consultation. Get a check-up and a diagnosis that could help you face PVD.