Categories of Hospice Medication Used For Psychotherapy

Hospice Care for your Loved OnesFew things are as emotionally distressing as a terminal condition diagnosis. Checking your loved one into palliative care regardless of the stage of the condition is the best solution. These care centers are equipped with staff and therapies to ensure the patient lives in dignity and as comfortable as possible despite his/her condition.

Various therapies are employed to alleviate the psychological issues experienced by Indiana palliative care patients. These include art, massages, and counseling. When these fail in improving a patient’s mental state, medication becomes the go-to solution.

Here are some of the psychotherapy medication classes used.

Antipsychotics

This class of medications works on brain chemicals called neurotransmitters including dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline. The antipsychotics increase or reduce the effects of the neurotransmitters on various body functions and moods. The primary side effect of antipsychotics is drowsiness, but they are very efficient in achieving mental and emotional stability.

Anxiolytics

These are primarily used for treating severe anxiety and insomnia. The common anxiolytics used in hospice are benzodiazepines. They slow down a patient’s body functions by increasing a chemical known as gamma-aminobutyric acid {GABA}. Alprazolam and diazepam commonly known as Xanax and valium respectively are the usually prescribed medications. Like antipsychotic, anxiolytics also cause drowsiness.

Psychostimulants

These block dopamine release and stimulate wakefulness. They are used to treat severe depression which in most patients causes extreme sleep. The common psychostimulants used in hospice are modafinil, dextroamphetamine, and methylphenidate. These drugs also offer pain relief to some extent.

Most people are apprehensive that palliative care centers generally over-medicate their patients. The drugs given to patients in reputable and well-accredited centers are however only those which are beneficial to the patient.

Most of the psychotherapeutic medications above cause drowsiness but the benefit they have far outweigh this side effect. The drugs are used in combination with counseling and other natural therapies.