When interruption of the normal embryologic growth of the face and skull takes place, it can lead to a wide array of craniofacial syndromes. Also known as craniofacial abnormalities, these conditions usually occur due to genetics, which means that most people who suffer from them have inherited them.
There are many different types of craniofacial syndromes, and learning more about them can help you determine which type you or a loved one may have.
Genetic mutations primarily cause craniofacial abnormalities. However, some cases have no apparent causes, thus; the term “syndrome.”
Main issues related to syndromes
The most critical concern arising from these problems is the possibility of the brain receiving increased pressure. Too much pressure can lead to difficulties in terms of neural development. Sometimes, vision problems also develop. Some issues may take the form of mild symptoms, including learning difficulties. More severe cases, however, can cause vision loss and even mental retardation.
Although most children who suffer from craniofacial abnormalities do not develop these serious symptoms, it is still important to get a diagnosis from trained experts at craniofacial centers since one cannot pinpoint which child will face these problems. Therefore, immediate treatment is highly recommended to reduce the possibility of excessive pressure to the brain, an expert from The Craniofacial Foundation of Utah explains.
Other major issues arising due to craniofacial abnormalities
Most people who have craniofacial syndromes also tend to have problems when it comes to the growth of their midface bones. Most of them end up with underbite, as well as obstructive sleep apnea. The narrowing of the airways results from midface retrusion, thus; the sleep apnea.
The specific type of syndrome can also negatively affect other parts of the body, such as the hands. Many kids who have craniofacial abnormalities also typically have cleft palates.
The good news
Fortunately, the continued advancement in medical technology, especially for treating these birth defects, has resulted in the availability of several treatment options. Diagnosis is the first step to treating the condition, seeing as each form of abnormality has its own unique treatment.