Renal Failure: The Common Triggers

man holding his waist while showing kidneyMost people overlook the kidney in their overall health until it is unfortunately too late, and they are already in kidney failure. Though small, kidneys are a vital part of your whole body functioning. They filter excess fluids and waste and keep your blood clean.

Approximately 30 million Americans suffer some form of renal disease and most don’t know it. Presenting to your doctor in Putnam in the late stage of your condition typically leaves him/her with two options including dialysis and a kidney transplant for your management. Here are the three leading causes of renal failure in the US.

Diabetes

Poorly controlled diabetes is the primary cause of renal failure in US residents and accounts for 44% of cases. The concentrated urine in patients with poorly controlled diabetes damages the renal cells which are irreplaceable. Regular microalbumin urine tests to assess urine proteins and good blood sugar control will go a long way toward helping people with diabetes detect early signs of renal disease.

Hypertension

This condition accounts for 29% of renal failure in the US. Uncontrolled hypertension damages your kidney’s arteries and causes them to become narrow, weak and hardened. The damaged arteries are unable to convey blood to your nephrons, and hence they die gradually causing renal failure.

Glomerulonephritis

This is the third leading renal failure cause in the US. Glomerulonephritis is a general term for a range of conditions which result in kidney inflammation. An infection typically triggers these conditions and in a few cases inherited. Glomerulonephritis damages the kidney’s filtering units known as the glomeruli.

Renal failure occurs when you have lost about 90% of your kidney’s function. With proper management of the above conditions, however, renal failure will not be a worry for you. Your doctor will routinely order kidney function tests to assess the state of your kidneys if you suffer from these conditions and intervene early if need be.