Nuclear power is something potent and dangerous to all living things. Humans are exposed to radiation every day in minimal amounts, but for those working in nuclear facilities, the long-term exposure may lead to serious and debilitating health effects.
The government offers benefits for those working in such facilities. For one, the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) allows claims on benefits and medical attention for the Department of Energy (DOE) employees and contractors. It also provides compensation and medical benefits to workers in government nuclear facilities exposed to other hazardous chemicals.
Since there are many effects and risks of radiation, the government grants several benefits to employees and their families especially when it comes to their health needs.
What Are The Health Risks Of Nuclear Power?
The principal risks associated with working in nuclear plants are the health effects of radiation. One of the most common health effects of radiation is cancer. Cancer-induced radiation is indistinguishable from those caused by other carcinogens. However, cancer risk depends on how long the employee was exposed and at what level.
Congenital Anomaly Risk
Previous studies have linked congenital anomalies among children of parents who worked in nuclear facilities. In fact, low-level exposure of fathers to ionizing radiation before conception is associated with congenital malformations, such as neural tube defects.
Among women, however, if they are trying to conceive or are pregnant, there is a danger that exposure can cause abnormalities like Down syndrome.
Chronic radiation exposure may lead to various eye problems like an inflammatory reaction of the eye and cataracts. Cataract is the leading cause of blindness, and without treatment, it could lead to permanent vision loss.
Radiation from nuclear plants and facilities are dangerous and raises risks to human health. Proper protection during work is important to limit its effect on the body. It is also important to know the benefits granted to retired employees to cover their medical health expenses.