Post-thrombotic syndrome is a medical condition that occurs as a result of a long-term complication of deep vein thrombosis. It's a condition that develops in most patients who experience blood clots in the leg. Here's what you need to know about it:
What Is Thromboprophylaxis?
Thromboprophylaxis is a process done to prevent deep vein thrombosis. However, it's seldom used in some countries. This is may be due to the fact that venous thromboembolism is still not eliminated despite thromboprophylaxis.
Can Compression Stockings Help?
Compression stockings decrease the possibility of venous hypertension. It also reduces edema as well as improve the microcirculation of the tissue. This was seen in a study done in Denmark where 194 patients wore knee-length graduated elastic compression stockings. The study revealed that wearing the stockings post-thrombotic syndrome from 47% to 20%. Meanwhile, severe post-thrombotic syndrome similarly decreased from 23% to 11%.
Can Elevating the Extremity Help?
Elevating the extremity above heart level during sleep or rest is proper as long as there is no swelling seen in the arm or leg. Normalizing one’s weight can also alleviate symptoms brought by post thrombotic syndrome.
Can Pain Management Through Medication Help?
Many people who have post-thrombotic syndrome are taking pain medication called warfarin. It's a medicine that increases one’s risk of bleeding when taken regularly, so take it in moderation. Similarly, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin or Ibuprofen, must not be taken. Treating the pain that accompanies the syndrome can be complicated. It is highly recommended that one refer their specific concerns and questions with a pain clinic.
All in all, post-thrombotic syndrome can have a major impact on a person’s lifestyle and ability to work. It may be critical to adjust one’s expectation level and allow themselves the time and patience to fully recover. Preventing its occurrence through medication, elevating the extremity, and the use of compression stockings are helpful options to consider.